Download e-book for kindle: An Introduction to Political Philosophy by Alexander Rainy Maclean Murray

By Alexander Rainy Maclean Murray

ISBN-10: 0203851684

ISBN-13: 9780203851685

ISBN-10: 041557921X

ISBN-13: 9780415579216

ISBN-10: 0415579325

ISBN-13: 9780415579322

First released in 1953, this seminal advent to political philosophy is meant for either the scholar of political concept and for the final reader. After an advent and is the reason the character and objective of philosophy, Dr Murray offers a serious exam of the primary theories complex by means of political philosophers from Plato to Marx, paying exact cognizance to modern concerns. The e-book additionally attempts to outline the basic problems with philosophical importance in modern politics, with unique connection with the clash among political authority and person rights, and to teach how the several ethical assumptions underlying authoritarian and democratic platforms of presidency are finally dependent upon varied theories of common sense.

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Particularly marine biology. C. he became tutor to Alexander, Prince of Macecbn, afterwards Alexander the Great, who was then a boy of thirteen. There is no indication, however, that he exercised any influence on Alexander's character. The Politics makes it clear that he disliked all types of dictatorship and, like Plato, thought that the small city state, which had no political ambitions, provided the most favourable environment for the good life. It is also very noticeable that Aristotle never refers to his pupil's great conquests anywhere in his writings—probably because he had little sympathy with them, and did not regard them as examples of the way in which rulers should use their powers.

Plato's Criticism of Democracy An important feature of the theory attributed to Socrates is the proposal that the control of policy should be placed wholly in the hands of the guardians. The justification for this proposal is given in Book V It is there argued that the guardians ought to have supreme power because reason is their dominating faculty and because they can therefore be relied on to distinguish truly between what is right and what is wrong. For the morality of the state's policy can be ensured only if its direction is placed in the hands of those whose actions are determined by reason.

1 In short, he was subscribing to the Sophistic theory that Law (as distinct from Nature) is man-made, and adding that in practice it is made by the dominating power in a state. It is true that law, in the purely legalistic sense of statute law, is made by the sovereign power of the state. But the theory of Thrasymachus further implies that moral law—the law of justice and right—also has this origin. His theory also implies that all laws made by the soverign power of a state are made by that power for the furtherance of its own interests.

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An Introduction to Political Philosophy by Alexander Rainy Maclean Murray

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