Aircrew Manual - Fairey Swordfish MK II [AP 1517B-PN] by PDF

Read or Download Aircrew Manual - Fairey Swordfish MK II [AP 1517B-PN] PDF

Best nonfiction_6 books

Read e-book online Polysemy: flexible patterns of meaning in mind and language PDF

Approximately fifty years in the past, Stephen Ullmann wrote that polysemy is 'the pivot of semantic analysis'. Fifty years on, polysemy has turn into one of many preferred themes in linguistics and within the cognitive sciences at huge. The publication bargains with the subject froma big range of viewpoints. The cognitive technique is supplemented and supported through diachronic, psycholinguistic, developmental, comparative, and computational views.

Extra info for Aircrew Manual - Fairey Swordfish MK II [AP 1517B-PN]

Sample text

Synonym or Related Term Displaced, Ectopic Abnormally shaped, Irregularly shaped Hypoplastic, Reduced, Rudimentary Additional, Extra Non-preferred Term Definition Note TERMINOLOGY OF ANATOMICAL DEFECTS 10863 10864 10867 10868 1 Observation 963 © 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC 964 DEVELOPMENTAL REPRODUCTIVE TOXICOLOGY: A PRACTICAL APPROACH, SECOND EDITION Appendix 1-A Descriptive terminology used more than once in the glossary Term Definition Absent An absolute failure of development of an organ or part; in the case of bone, no cartilage model is present Absence or closure of a normal body orifice or tubular organ Having two separate ossification sites Abnormal curvature of a normally straight structure Deviation from the predominant pattern due to displacement and/or duplication of one or more normally occurring structures Any abnormal sac; usually containing fluid or other material Widened or expanded orifice or vessel Not the normal color Enlarged or expanded organ A localized sac or pouch formed in the wall of a hollow viscus and opening into its lumen Two roughly spherical ossification sites attached at or near the mid-line by an ossified bridge Larger than normal Abnormal passage or communication between two normally unconnected structures, body cavities, or the surface of the body Joined or blended together Absence of either hemicentrum of a centrum Absence of a lateral half (arch + hemicentrum), or major part of a lateral half of a vertebra Descriptive of any tissue into which abnormal bleeding is observed (may be graded as petechia, purpura, ecchymosis, or hematoma) Partial ossification (as assessed by Alizarin Red uptake) at a site which, in controls of the same age, usually has a more advanced degree of ossification Not occurring in the proper position and/or orientation Abnormal relative position of structures on opposite sides of a dividing line or about the center or axis Abnormally shaped [Not to be used to describe sites of incomplete ossification] Constriction of a cylindrical structure, such as the aorta or tail, or of a lumen Passing dorsal to the esophagus Passing dorsal to the trachea Atresia Bipartite ossification Bent Branched Cyst Dilated Discolored Distended Diverticulum Dumbbell ossification Enlarged Fistula Fused Hemicentric Hemivertebra Hemorrhagic Incomplete ossification Malpositioned Misaligned Misshapen Narrowed Retro-esophageal Retrotracheal © 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC Synonym or Related term Non-preferred Term Agenesis, Aplastic Missing Imperforate Bifid ossification Split Angulated, Bowed Bifurcated, Forked Bulbous Swollen Mottled, Pale Swollen Dumbbell-shaped ossification Bilobate, Bilobed Hyperplastic Reduced ossification Delayed ossification, Retarded ossification Displaced, Ectopic Misdirected, Dislocated Unaligned Abnormally shaped, Asymmetric, Irregularly shaped Coarctation, Constricted, Stenosis, Stricture TERMINOLOGY OF ANATOMICAL DEFECTS Appendix 1-A Descriptive terminology used more than once in the glossary (continued) Term Definition Short Less than the normal or expected length Incompletely developed structure, or less than normal in size Small Split Division of a single structure (usually into two parts) with no intervening structure between the parts More than the usual or expected number A widening of a skeletal element relative to normal Absence of ossification (as assessed by Alizarin Red uptake) at a site which, in controls of the same age, is usually at least partially ossified Supernumerary Thickened Unossified Appendix 1-B 965 Synonym or Related term Non-preferred Term Rudimentary Aplastic, Hypoplastic, Reduced, Rudimentary Bifid, Bipartite, Cleft Underdeveloped Additional, Extra Accessory Bulbous, Clubbed Nonossified Syndromes and combining terms Caudal dysplasia Cheilognathopalatoschisis Cheilognathoschisis Craniorachischisis Ethmocephaly Otocephaly Rhinocephaly Sirenomelia Tetralogy of Fallot © 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC Severe reduction of caudal structures, including reduction of or absence of hindlimbs, tail, and/or sacral area.

Lobe further divided into large lateral and small caudate), and 2 on left. Normal number for rodents: 3 lobes on right, one medial lobe (from right bronchus), and 1 on left May also be called cranial or superior vena cava Right only normal in rabbit, left only normal in rat and mouse DEVELOPMENTAL REPRODUCTIVE TOXICOLOGY: A PRACTICAL APPROACH, SECOND EDITION Region/ Organ/ Structure Region/ Organ/ Structure Code Number 10272 Absent posterior vena cava Dilated anterior vena cava Dilated posterior vena cava Interrupted anterior vena cava Interrupted posterior vena cava Malpositioned anterior vena cava Malpositioned posterior vena cava Narrowed anterior vena cava Narrowed posterior vena cava Supernumerary azygos 10273 Transposed azygos 10274 10275 Absent diaphragm Diaphragmatic hernia 10276 Eventration of diaphragm 10277 10278 10279 10280 10281 10282 Abnormal liver lobation Absent liver Discolored liver Hemorrhagic liver Hepatomegaly Infarct of liver Fused, Absent fissure Agenesis, Aplastic Mottled Hepatorrhagia 10283 Malpositioned liver Displaced, Ectopic 10264 10265 10266 10267 10268 10269 10270 10271 Diaphragm Liver Synonym or Related Term Definition Agenesis, Aplastic Bulbous Bulbous Displaced, Ectopic Displaced, Ectopic Coarctation, Constricted, Stenosis, Stricture Coarctation, Constricted, Stenosis, Stricture Additional, Extra Azygos veins on both sides Azygos vein on side other than normal Note May also be called caudal or inferior vena cava May also be called cranial or superior vena cava May also be called caudal or inferior vena cava May also be called cranial or superior vena cava May also be called caudal or inferior vena cava May also be called cranial or superior vena cava May also be called caudal or inferior vena cava May also be called cranial or superior vena cava May also be called caudal or inferior vena cava Right only normal in rabbit, left only normal in rat and mouse Right only normal in rabbit, left only normal in rat and mouse Agenesis, Aplastic Absence of portion of the diaphragm with protrusion of some abdominal viscera Abnormal anterior protrusion of a part of the diaphragm which is thin and covers variably displaced abdominal viscera Fusion of liver lobes Absence of one or more lobes Enlarged liver Well demarcated, macroscopic area of tissue discoloration Usually whitish in color and is the result of cell destruction which should be confirmed histologically 935 © 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC Non-preferred Term TERMINOLOGY OF ANATOMICAL DEFECTS 10263 Observation 936 Terminology of developmental abnormalities in common laboratory mammals (version 1): Visceral abnormalities1 (continued) Gallbladder Stomach Code Number Observation 10284 Misshapen liver 10285 10286 Pale liver Small liver 10287 10294 Supernumerary liver lobe Absent bile duct Absent gallbladder Bilobed gallbladder Elongated bile duct Enlarged gallbladder Malpositioned gallbladder Misshapen gallbladder 10295 10296 Short bile duct Small gallbladder 10297 Supernumerary gallbladder Absent stomach 10288 10289 10290 10291 10292 10293 10298 10299 10300 10301 10302 10303 Atresia of stomach Distended stomach Diverticulum of stomach Enlarged stomach Malpositioned stomach 10304 Narrowed stomach 10305 Small stomach © 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC Synonym or Related Term Non-preferred Term Definition Note Abnormally shaped, Irregularly shaped Hypoplastic, Microhepatia, Reduced, Rudimentary Additional, Extra Refers to one or more extra lobes Not present in rats Not present in rats Not present in rats Not present in rats Not present in rats Not present in rats Agenesis, Aplastic Agenesis, Aplastic Displaced, Ectopic Not present in rats Abnormally shaped, Irregularly shaped Rudimentary Hypoplastic, Reduced, Rudimentary Additional, Extra Not present in rats Not present in rats Not present in rats Agastria, Agenesis, Aplastic Atretogastria, Imperforate Gastromegaly Displaced, Ectopic, Gastroptosis Coarctation, Constricted, Stenosis, Stricture Hypoplastic, Microgastria, Reduced, Rudimentary Dextrogastria Includes pylorus DEVELOPMENTAL REPRODUCTIVE TOXICOLOGY: A PRACTICAL APPROACH, SECOND EDITION Region/ Organ/ Structure Region/ Organ/ Structure Spleen Intestines Kidney Observation Synonym or Related Term Absent pancreas Small pancreas 10308 10309 10310 10311 10312 10313 Supernumerary pancreas Asplenia Cyst on spleen Discolored spleen Malpositioned spleen Misshapen spleen 10314 10315 Pale spleen Small spleen 10316 10317 10318 Splenomegaly Supernumerary spleen Absent intestine Additional, Extra Agenesis, Aplastic 10319 Atresia of intestine Imperforate 10320 10321 Diverticulum of intestine Enlarged intestine Enteromegaly 10322 Fistula of intestine 10323 Malpositioned intestine Displaced, Ectopic 10324 Narrowed intestine 10325 Short intestine Coarctation, Constricted, Stenosis, Stricture Rudimentary 10326 10327 10328 10329 Absent kidney Absent renal papilla Cyst on kidney Dilated renal pelvis Agenesis, Aplastic 10330 10331 10332 Discolored kidney Enlarged kidney Fused kidney Mottled © 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC Definition Note Agenesis, Aplastic Hypoplastic, Reduced, Rudimentary Additional, Extra Agenesis, Aplastic Absence of the spleen Mottled Displaced, Ectopic Abnormally shaped, Irregularly shaped Hypoplastic, Microsplenia, Reduced, Rudimentary Enlarged spleen Includes any region from duodenum to rectum Includes any region from duodenum to rectum Includes any region from duodenum to rectum Includes any region from duodenum to rectum Includes any region from duodenum to rectum Includes any region from duodenum to rectum Includes any region from duodenum to rectum Includes any region from duodenum to rectum Slight or moderate dilatation of renal pelvis Bulbous Horseshoe 937 10306 10307 Non-preferred Term TERMINOLOGY OF ANATOMICAL DEFECTS Pancreas Code Number 938 Terminology of developmental abnormalities in common laboratory mammals (version 1): Visceral abnormalities1 (continued) Adrenal gland Bladder Code Number Observation 10333 10334 Hemorrhagic kidney Hydronephrosis 10335 10336 10337 Infarct of kidney Malpositioned kidney Misshapen kidney 10338 10339 Pale kidney Small kidney 10340 Small renal papilla 10341 Small renal pelvis 10342 10343 Supernumerary kidney Absent adrenal 10344 10345 10346 10347 10348 10349 Enlarged adrenal Extracapsular adrenal tissue Fused adrenal Hemorrhagic adrenal Malpositioned adrenal Misshapen adrenal 10350 Small adrenal 10351 Supernumerary adrenal Acystia Cyst on bladder Distended bladder 10352 10353 10354 © 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC Synonym or Related Term Non-preferred Term Definition Note Marked dilatation of renal pelvis and calices secondary to obstruction of urine flow, usually combined with destruction of the renal parenchyma Destruction should be confirmed histologically.

Often associated with dilated ureter Displaced, Ectopic Abnormally shaped, Irregularly shaped Hypoplastic, Reduced, Rudimentary Hypoplastic, Reduced, Rudimentary Hypoplastic, Reduced, Rudimentary Additional, Extra Agenesis, Aplastic Displaced, Ectopic Abnormally shaped, Irregularly shaped Hypoplastic, Reduced, Rudimentary Additional, Extra Agenesis, Aplastic Absence of the bladder DEVELOPMENTAL REPRODUCTIVE TOXICOLOGY: A PRACTICAL APPROACH, SECOND EDITION Region/ Organ/ Structure Region/ Organ/ Structure Gonad Testis Epididymis Synonym or Related Term 10355 Small bladder 10356 10357 Absent ureter Convoluted ureter 10358 10359 10360 Dilated ureter Doubled ureter Hydroureter 10361 10362 Retrocaval ureter Absent gonads 10363 Hermaphroditism 10364 Small gonad 10365 Supernumerary gonad Hypoplastic, Reduced, Rudimentary Additional, Extra 10366 Anorchia Agenesis, Aplastic 10367 10368 10369 Enlarged testis Hemorrhagic testis Malpositioned testis Displaced, Ectopic 10370 Misshapen testis 10371 Small testis 10372 10373 10374 10376 10377 Supernumerary testis Absent epididymis Hemorrhagic epididymis Malpositioned epididymis Short epididymis Small epididymis 10378 Absent vas deferens 10375 © 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC Non-preferred Term Hypoplastic, Reduced, Rudimentary Agenesis, Aplastic Coiled, Folded, Kinked, Twisted Bulbous, Distended Definition Note Folded, curved, and/or tortuous windings Slight or moderate distention of ureter(s) Markedly dilated ureter(s) Compare to Dilated; may accompany hydronephrosis Passing dorsally to the vena cava Used when sex can not be determined Agenesis, Agonad, Aplastic Hermaphrodism Presence of both male and female gonadal tissue Absence of a testis Cryptorchidism Used when sex can not be determined Used when sex can not be determined If both gonads are absent use “Absent gonad” Cryptorchidism = testis(es) never descended into scrotum Abnormally shaped, Irregularly shaped Hypoplastic, Microrchidia, Reduced, Rudimentary Additional, Extra Agenesis, Aplastic Displaced, Ectopic Rudimentary Hypoplastic, Reduced, Rudimentary Agenesis, Aplastic 939 Vas deferens Observation TERMINOLOGY OF ANATOMICAL DEFECTS Ureter Code Number 940 Terminology of developmental abnormalities in common laboratory mammals (version 1): Visceral abnormalities1 (continued) Code Number 10379 10380 Ovary Oviduct Uterus Observation 10381 10382 Atresia of vas deferens Malpositioned vas deferens Short vas deferens Absent ovary 10383 10384 10385 10386 10387 Cyst on ovary Enlarged ovary Hemorrhagic ovary Malpositioned ovary Misshapen ovary 10388 Small ovary 10389 10390 10391 10392 10393 10394 10395 Supernumerary ovary Absent oviduct Cyst on oviduct Enlarged oviduct Hemorrhagic oviduct Malpositioned oviduct Misshapen oviduct 10396 10397 Short oviduct Absent uterine horn 10398 10399 10400 Atresia of uterus Hemorrhagic uterus Misshapen uterus 10401 Small uterus 1 For terms in brackets, see Appendix 1-B.

Download PDF sample

Aircrew Manual - Fairey Swordfish MK II [AP 1517B-PN]


by Ronald
4.4

Rated 4.33 of 5 – based on 34 votes