By Leen Spruit
In 1503, Nifo released De intellectu, the foremost paintings of his early profession, relating questions of philosophical psychology. in response to an in depth evaluate of the perspectives of his predecessors, Nifo during this paintings offered an research of the most problems with Peripatetic noetics, particularly beginning and immortality of the mind or rational soul, its relation to the physique, its solidarity and components, the speculative mind, and highbrow beatitude. right here the 1554 variation is reproduced. The creation is by means of an intensive analytical precis of the contents of the paintings. The Appendix features a chronology of Nifos existence and works, and an entire index of the chapters of De intellectu.
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Extra resources for Agostino Nifo De intellectu
Four arguments by Plotinus: soul dominates the body, knows separate beings, has a natural desire for eternal beings, and serves God; an extensive specification and analysis of these four ‘ways’; an argument by Plato: soul uses the body like a craftsman uses his tools; discussion of Avicenna’s major argument demonstrating that soul is incorruptible: given that soul is separate from the body, one cannot individuate a cause for its decay; Plotinus shows that rational soul and sensitive appetite have contrasting goals; in Plato’s Phaedo it is shown that everything that perceives and moves by itself is immortal (further discussed in Nifo’s De anima commentary on the basis of Iamblichus and Plotinus).
To chs. to . 141 introduction but only “parte post”, while the goodness of the first mover and the work of nature cooperate in the creation and infusion of rational soul in body. Then, in chapter , he points out that the rational soul originates from within as well as from without: the essence of soul is generated by the first cause, its specific application and determination to the body depends upon secondary causes (celestial bodies) operating on the body. 142 After a confutation of the followers of the Commentator with arguments taken from his own work, Nifo argues that the human soul stands halfway (“in orizonte”) between the forms that are fully immersed in matter and the forms of the celestial bodies that are operationally independent.
The speculative and practical intellects. The much shorter, second book consisted of three treatises, each of which considering an aspect of the same topic, namely the state (status) of soul, that is the (intellectual) beatitude. 141 Here the edition is reproduced. All six books of De intellectu are characterized by an evident disproportion between, on the one hand, large amounts of discussion, analysis, and confutation of opinions and views and, on the other hand, a concise presentation of the ‘true’ position, usually expounded and defended in just a few pages or sometimes even in a couple of lines only.
Agostino Nifo De intellectu by Leen Spruit