A Primer on Ugaritic: Language, Culture and Literature - download pdf or read online

By William M. Schniedewind

ISBN-10: 0521879337

ISBN-13: 9780521879330

A Primer on Ugaritic is an advent to the language of the traditional urban of Ugarit, a urban that flourished within the moment millennium BCE at the Lebanese coast, put within the context of the tradition, literature, and faith of this old Semitic tradition. The Ugaritic language and literature was once a precursor to Canaanite and serves as one in all our most crucial assets for knowing the outdated testomony and the Hebrew language. unique emphasis is put on contextualization of the Ugartic language and comparability to historic Hebrew in addition to Akkadian.

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Extra info for A Primer on Ugaritic: Language, Culture and Literature

Sample text

Mlkt adty To the Queen, my lady, 3. rgm speak. –5. tlmyn {bdk Message of Tlmyn, your servant. 6–7. p{n }adty To the feet of my lady 8–9. sûb{}id seven times and seven times 10–11. ) I fall down. Situation Message 6. enuœma itti sûarri u ittˆäya Now, with the king and with me 7. gabba sûulmu asûraœnu itti all is well. There, with the 8. sû a rri beœ l ˆä y a mˆä n umme® sûulmaœnu king, my lord, is everything well? 9. teœma literruœni A word may they return to me. Letter Topic 10–47 Concern about shipments 12–13.

This type of parallelism is also found in the Amarna letters as, for example, in the letter of Abdi-milku: Behold, the ruler of Beirut served in one ship, and the ruler of Sidon served in two ships, I will serve with all your ships. (EA 155:67–69) Also apparent in this last example is a parallelistic use of numbers that is quite common in Ugaritic and Classical Hebrew but which also occurs more generally in Akkadian and Sumerian. It is widely discussed by scholars and a few choice examples will illustrate this:22 Hebrew: Ugaritic: 22 How could one have routed a thousand, Or two put ten thousand to flight, Unless their Rock had sold them, The LORD had given them up?

Capitalizing upon the prosperity and stability of the Late Kingdom in Egyptian, Ugarit flourished in the fifteenth and fourteenth centuries BCE, and this period is widely regarded as the golden age of Ugarit. This is the period from which the Ugaritic written literature began to flourish. It is believed that Ugaritic epic literature, which had been transmitted orally for centuries, was first committed to writing during the reign of Niqmaddu II (ca. 1350 BCE). Interestingly, among the Amarna letters (which are contemporary with this period), we find a letter from the ruler of 14 Ugaritic Primer Tyre to Pharaoh Akhenaton (Amenophis IV) saying, “Fire destroyed the palace at Ugarit; (rather), it destroyed half of it and so half of it has disappeared” (EA 151:55–58).

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A Primer on Ugaritic: Language, Culture and Literature by William M. Schniedewind


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